BNZ – BusinessNZ
Performance of
Manufacturing
Index

Solid start to year – PMI

12 Feb, 2021
57.5
January
+9.2

Monthly Change

expanding
previously contracting

New Zealand’s manufacturing sector started the year with expansion, according to the latest BNZ – BusinessNZ Performance of Manufacturing Index (PMI).

The seasonally adjusted PMI for January was 57.5 (a PMI reading above 50.0 indicates that manufacturing is generally expanding; below 50.0 that it is declining).  This was up 9.2 points from December, and a solid return to expansion.

BusinessNZ’s executive director for manufacturing Catherine Beard said that the January result was a welcome start to 2021, with the result clearly above the long term average of 53.0 for the Index.

“All major sub-index values were up from December, with New Orders (62.4) leading the way with its highest result since July last year.  Production (59.1) rose 6.8 points, while Employment (55.4) produced its highest result since August 2017.”

BNZ Senior Economist, Craig Ebert said that “the 3-month average to January was 53.6, slightly above the long-term norm of 53.0.  Also, January’s improvement was encouraging in its composition, with New Orders leading the way”

Catherine Beard

Catherine Beard

Director, Advocacy BusinessNZ

BNZ - BusinessNZ PMI

Time Series Data

View seasonally adjusted and unadjusted time series data for the BNZ - BusinessNZ PMI

Manufacturing Snapshot

PMI

The Performance of Manufacturing Index (PMI) roared back to positivity in January, with an index reading of 57.5. This was a far cry from the 48.3 it stumbled to in December. The 3-month average to January was 53.6, slightly above the long -term norm (53.0).
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Seasonality

This variety of movement and levels in the sub -components argues against the notion that the big down and up in the overall PMI over December 2020 and January 2021 might reflect difficulties in the seasonal adjustment method in dealing with (i) the stop-start episodes we’ve seen on account of COVID-19 and (ii) the fact that as there was no survey conducted for March 2020, with that month’s numbers made to be the average of the February and April results.
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Sub detail

The other reason to trust the down and up in the seasonally adjusted PMI over December and January is simply that the unadjusted (raw) series echoed a similar thing, when compared to respective year-ago levels.
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Global

Of course, it’s good to see New Zealand’s PMI bounced so much in January, to such a strong level. However, we need to be careful about presuming it must therefore be doing far better than PMI’s globally are at present.
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Craig Ebert

Craig Ebert

Senior Economist, BNZ

Sponsor Statement

BNZ is delighted to be associated with the Performance of Manufacturing Index (PMI) and BusinessNZ.

This association brings together the significant experience of leading business advocacy body BusinessNZ, and business finance specialist BNZ.

We look forward to continuing our association with BusinessNZ and associated regional organisations, and to playing our part in the ongoing development of the New Zealand manufacturing sector.

PMI Time Series Table

The results are seasonally adjusted.

National Indicies Jan
2020
Sep
2020
Oct
2020
Nov
2020
Dec
2020
Jan
2021
BNZ – BusinessNZ PMI 47.9 53.7 52.3 55.2 48.3 57.5
Production 47.4 55.9 51.9 55.3 52.3 59.1
Employment 45.9 51.6 52.4 51.5 50.2 55.4
New Orders 48.5 57.2 53.2 56.6 50.3 62.4
Finished Stocks 49.6 48.8 49.0 59.1 47.8 52.5
Deliveries 46.3 49.6 49.1 51.6 45.0 48.7

BNZ – BusinessNZ PMI Time Series

January 2017 – January 2021

International Results

J.P. Morgan Global Manufacturing PMITM

01 Feb 2021
53.5

About the PMI

The BNZ – BusinessNZ Performance of Manufacturing Index is a monthly survey of the manufacturing sector providing an early indicator of activity levels.

A PMI reading above 50 points indicates manufacturing activity is expanding; below 50 indicates it is contracting.

The main PMI and sub-index results are seasonally adjusted.

Technical Contact

Stephen Summers
Economist, BusinessNZ

[email protected]

PMI Releases

Stuck in low gear

Activity in New Zealand’s manufacturing sector improved in January, but still remained in contraction, according to the latest BNZ – BusinessNZ Performance of Manufacturing Index (PMI). The seasonally adjusted PMI for January was 47.3 (a PMI reading above 50.0...

Tough year

Activity in New Zealand’s manufacturing sector ended in further contraction, according to the latest BNZ – BusinessNZ Performance of Manufacturing Index (PMI). The seasonally adjusted PMI for December was 43.1 (a PMI reading above 50.0 indicates that manufacturing is...

Little Christmas cheer

Activity in New Zealand’s manufacturing sector improved during November, but still remained in contraction, according to the latest BNZ – BusinessNZ Performance of Manufacturing Index (PMI). The seasonally adjusted PMI for November was 46.7 (a PMI reading above 50.0...

Downward spiral

Activity in New Zealand’s manufacturing sector dropped further during October, according to the latest BNZ – BusinessNZ Performance of Manufacturing Index (PMI). The seasonally adjusted PMI for October was 42.5 (a PMI reading above 50.0 indicates that manufacturing is...

Entrenched contraction

New Zealand’s manufacturing sector slipped further into contraction during September, according to the latest BNZ – BusinessNZ Performance of Manufacturing Index (PMI). The seasonally adjusted PMI for September was 45.3 (a PMI reading above 50.0 indicates that...

Our Contributors

The BNZ – BusinessNZ PMI contains data obtained through BusinessNZ’s regional organisations